Can Dogs Eat Peanut Butter?

Can Dogs Eat Peanut Butter?

Dogs can generally eat peanut butter in moderation, and it's often used as a treat or a pill-hiding mechanism by pet owners. Peanut butter provides a good source of protein, healthy fats, vitamins B and E, and niacin. However, not all peanut butter is safe for dogs; the product must be free from xylitol, a sugar substitute that is toxic to dogs, and ideally should have no added salt, sugar, or oils.

Nutritional Value

Peanut butter can offer dogs:

  • Protein: Supports muscle development and repair.
  • Healthy Fats: Essential for energy and maintaining healthy skin and coat.
  • Vitamins B and E: Important for energy metabolism and combating oxidative stress.
  • Niacin (Vitamin B3): Supports enzymes functioning in the body.

To illustrate the nutritional content of peanut butter and its place in a dog's diet, let's compare its key nutrients to the average daily requirements for dogs of different sizes:


Value per 100g of Peanut Butter

Small Dogs (1-10 kg) Daily Requirement*

Medium Dogs (11-26 kg) Daily Requirement*

Large Dogs (27+ kg) Daily Requirement*


~588 kcal

200 - 400 kcal

400 - 800 kcal

800 - 1,600 kcal


~25 g

25 - 50 g

50 - 75 g

75 - 100 g


~50 g

10 - 20 g

20 - 40 g

40 - 80 g


~6 g

1.5 - 3 g

3 - 4.5 g

4.5 - 6 g

Vitamin E

~10.1 mg

1 - 2 mg

2 - 4 mg

4 - 8 mg

Niacin (Vitamin B3)

~12.07 mg

4 - 11 mg

11 - 15 mg

15 - 20 mg

*These daily requirements are general guidelines and can vary based on the dog's specific health, lifestyle, and dietary needs. Always consult with a veterinarian for personalized dietary advice.

This comparison highlights peanut butter's high calorie and fat content, underscoring the importance of moderation when incorporating it into your dog’s diet.

Food Suitability

Plain, unsweetened peanut butter without xylitol is suitable for dogs in small quantities. It can be a useful tool for medication administration or as a special treat during training.

Feeding Instructions

  • Check the label: Always ensure the peanut butter does not contain xylitol or unhealthy additives.
  • Moderation: Due to its high fat and calorie content, limit peanut butter treats to less than 10% of your dog’s daily caloric intake.
  • Variety: Rotate peanut butter with other treats to provide dietary variety.


  • Xylitol Toxicity: Xylitol is extremely toxic to dogs and can cause liver failure and hypoglycemia.
  • Obesity and Pancreatitis: High fat content can lead to weight gain and pancreatitis.
  • Allergic Reactions: Some dogs may be allergic to peanuts. Monitor for signs of an allergic reaction, including gastrointestinal upset, itching, or respiratory problems.

Allergies and Sensitivities

Be vigilant for any signs of an allergic reaction after your dog consumes peanut butter for the first time. Symptoms can include vomiting, diarrhea, itching, or difficulty breathing. If you notice any of these signs, discontinue use immediately and consult a veterinarian.

Alternatives to Peanut Butter

If you're looking for alternatives to peanut butter that are safe for dogs and offer nutritional benefits, consider these options:

  • Pumpkin Puree: Low in calories and rich in fiber, pumpkin puree (without added sugar or spices) can help with digestive health.
  • Apple Slices: A crunchy, low-calorie treat high in fiber and vitamins, perfect for dogs. Ensure to remove all seeds and the core.
  • Carrot Sticks: Another low-calorie, high-fiber snack that's great for a dog's teeth.


Is peanut butter good for all dogs?

While many dogs enjoy peanut butter without any issues, it's not suitable for all. Dogs with certain health conditions, such as pancreatitis or obesity, should avoid high-fat foods, including peanut butter.

How can I safely give my dog peanut butter?

Choose a natural, unsweetened peanut butter that does not contain xylitol or other harmful additives. Offer it in moderation as a treat or use it to hide pills.

Can I give my dog peanut butter every day?

Due to its high calorie and fat content, peanut butter should be considered an occasional treat rather than a daily dietary staple.

Portion Sizes (Table Format)

To ensure you're feeding your dog peanut butter safely, heer are suggested portion sizes based on the size of the dog. These guidelines help prevent overfeeding, which can lead to weight gain and other health issues.

Dog Size

Suggested Portion


1/2 teaspoon


1 teaspoon


1-2 teaspoons

These portions are intended as occasional treats. Always monitor your dog's overall calorie intake and adjust their main meals accordingly to avoid unintentional overfeeding.


Peanut butter can be a tasty and rewarding treat for dogs when chosen carefully and fed in moderation. It's essential to select natural, unsweetened peanut butter free from xylitol and to consider the high calorie and fat content when incorporating it into your dog’s diet. Alternatives like pumpkin puree, apple slices, and carrot sticks can offer variety and nutritional benefits with fewer risks.


If your furry friend suffers from unexplained skin issues, digestive problems, or recurring discomfort, a hidden food allergy or intolerance could be the culprit. My Pet Sensitivity offers easy-to-use at-home pet allergy and intolerance tests to help you pinpoint potential triggers.  By understanding your pet's individual sensitivities, you can make informed choices to support their overall health and well-being.  Explore the range of tests at My Pet Sensitivity today!